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Powerpoint10大技巧

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Powerpoint的10条技巧

Powerpoint做得好,在职场上非常加分。但是我们常常见到这样的Powerpoint:



如何让你的Powerpoint提升一个层级?今天起,我们就一同学习。

注意,native speaker通常不会用PPT这个说法。而是用Powerpoint, 或者Powerpoint presentation/slides/deck. 

例如: I’m working on my Powerpoint presentation. 而不是I’m working on my PPT. 


10 Powerpoint Tips for Preparing a Professional Presentation

Powerpoint 10大要领

Presentations – whether they are made with Powerpoint or other applications, are a great way to support a speech, visualize complicated concepts or focus attention on a subject.

However, a bad presentation can achieve the opposite. Badly designed slides with too much text or bad graphics can distract or worse, irritate the audience.

Here’s is a short guide that will help you create presentations with a professional look and concise content, avoiding the most common mistakes.

Powerpoint有不同的目的,我们会着重讲用于演讲的Powerpoint. 这类Powerpoint的核心作用是支持演讲者的讲述,起到点题、带入的作用,而不是传达详细信息。因此绝对要避免文字过多、冗长、让听众昏昏入睡的设计和内容。

Design 设计

Let’s start with design as it’s the first thing that gives a professional touch to any presentation. The 5 key design elements are:  

1. Compose slides  制作幻灯片,每张突出一个核心信息

– Don’t copy & paste slides from different sources.
– Keep the design very basic and simple. It shall not distract.
– Pick an easy to read font face.
– Carefully select font sizes for headers and text.
– Leave room for highlights, such as images or take home messages.
– Decorate scarcely but well.
– Restrict the room your design takes up and don’t ever let the design restrict your message.

2. Use consistency 保持设计风格一贯性

– Consistently use the same font face and sizes on all slides.
– Match colors.
– You may use your company logo, highlight headers, create a special frame for figures/images or the whole slide
but don’t overload your slides with these elements.

3. Use Contrast  用对比色

– Black text on a white background will always be the best but also the most boring choice.

– If you want to play with colors, keep it easy on the eyes and always keep good contrast in mind so that your readers do not have to strain to guess what you’ve typed on your slide.

4. Choose a great font 最适合用于Powerpoint的英语字体

The inappropriate fonts can really weaken your presentation. The following are 5 classic fonts that look great in Powerpoint and come pre-installed. 

Take a look and make sure to use them in your next presentation: 

Helvetica


Garamond


Futura


Gill Sans 


Rockwell 



5. Use images to reinforance your message, not for decoration 

图片应该支撑核心信息、帮你讲故事,不是装饰

Images are key elements of every presentation. Your audience has ears and eyes – they’ll want to see what you’re talking about, and a good visual cue will help them to understand your message much better.

– Have more images in your slides than text.
– But do not use images to decorate!
– Images can reinforce or complement your message.
– Use images to visualize and explain.

范例:扁平设计、简洁清晰

Let’s look at a few examples. Note that the current trend is flat design, which focuses on clean, open space, crisp edges, bright colors and flat, 2D images. 

Do this



Not this

过时的设计

 

Let’s move on to text. 看完设计,看看文字

6. KISS (Keep it straight and simple)  文字易读、简单、只用关键词

– Keep It Straight and Simple.
Keywords only.
– No sentences!
Never read your slides, talk freely.

Remember that your slides are only there to support, not to replace your talk! You’ll want to tell a story, describe your data or explain circumstances, and only provide keywords through your slides. If you read your slides and if you do it slow and badly, the audience will get bored and stop listening.

7. Tell stories 讲故事结构

People respond to stories much better than collections of facts and figures. 
– Stories help us pay attention and remember things. 

– It is a good idea to start with a story, but there is a wider point too: you need your presentation to act like a story.

8. A take home core message 一个观众能记住的核心思想

– Always express a Take Home Message.
– You should be able to communicate that key message very briefly.

– Some experts recommend a 30-second ‘elevator summary’, others that you can write it on the back of a business card, or say it in no more than 15 words.

– Whichever rule you choose, the important thing is to keep your core message focused and brief.

9. Focus on your audience’s needs  内容服务观众、抓住观众注意力

Your audience defines the content of your presentation. Before starting to work on your presentation, always ask yourself these questions first: 

– Who is my audience and what do they know?
– What do you need to tell them?
– What do they expect?
– What will be interesting to them?
– What can you teach them?
– What will keep them focused?

10. The 10/20/30 rule for Powerpoint  10张幻灯片、20分钟演讲、30号字体

This is a tip from the famous Silicon Valley marketing genius Guy Kawasaki. He suggests that slideshows should:

– Contain no more than 10 slides;
– Last no more than 20 minutes; and
– Use a font size of no less than 30 point.

如果信息很多,无法通过Powerpoint充分传递,建议准备额外笔记发给听众。

记住,Powerpoint的作用是内容的提炼、视觉化的呈现,而不是传递大量文字信息。

As a general rule, slides should be the sideshow to you, the presenter. A good set of slides should be no use without the presenter, and they should definitely contain less, rather than more, information, expressed simply.

If you need to provide more information, create a handout and give it out after your presentation.

Let’s end with the great Steve Jobs, the ultimate presentation God for some inspiration.  

Presentation课程包

开言付费课程库《Presentation》课程包教你最实用的presentation英语;

请到App首页,课程专辑查看学习吧!


明天我们会分享在实际Presentation演讲中经常使用的语言。

Tomorrow, we’ll be going over the actual language you can use when delivering a PowerPoint presentation. 

诗歌朗诵-我是台湾岛

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诗歌朗诵-我是台湾岛

作者:孤岛

朗诵:达金勇,凌燕

我是台湾岛

祖国,我是你的一只帆船呀

一场历史的飓风把我从你怀里刮走

多少年了,我没能依偎在你厚实的肩头

我是一颗流星呀

迷途的方向盘驾驶我脱离你的轨道

坠为一个孤苦伶仃的孤儿

变成飘荡在太平洋上的流浪汉

只有海水一样苦涩的岁月啃噬着我

只有海藻一样深情的思念缠绕着我

台湾海峡,纵然是一把铡刀

也割不断我与母亲血肉相联的脐带

也切不开我门脉搏共振的呼吸

如同一座山岗横不死流水

一截书签拆不掉历史的书页

三国的孙权

给我们放下了有爱的桥板

郑成功把我从枷锁中解脱出来

让我重获天地间的自由

使我从此愿作祖国雕像上的一块肌肉

而《马关条约》像罪恶的判决书

又判了我终身流放异国他乡

等到1945年抗战炮火扬起的凯歌

震破侵略者的耳膜

我才能回到祖国张开的臂膊

将多年的热泪洒进长江黄河

想不到1949年五星红旗升起的前夜

我被一场大风暴突然卷走

我日夜盼着走进祖国的巨峰大厦

远眺的眼睛凹陷成日月潭

我是台湾岛

祖国啊,我亲爱的祖国

我的血脉里也流着轩辕的热血

脑海里也藏着一部古黄的历史

如果我是一只鹅黄的幼蛋

你就是生育我的凤鸡啊

如果我是一只青春的足球

你就是我展示自己的广阔足球场啊

我又怎能离开你

现在,虽然我还是挂在你眼角的一滴泪珠

还是含在你唇边的一颗苦果

但我有一天,一定要化作一块燧石

磨炼出生命的激光

暖热祖国九百六十万平方公里的心窝

我愿作一座富贵不移的哨所

以一颗孝母之心

在茫茫太平洋上为你放哨

直到爱与和平的甘露洒满世界的每一片角落

我是台湾岛

我多想多想早日滚进你的心窝

在过去和未来之间竖起一个巨大的惊叹号

1985.3.22,杭州大学, 原载晨钟诗社《晨钟》诗刊

——2009年《伊犁晚报》和《新疆广播电视报》2000.5.30

读书会9:The Art of the Deal

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读书会8:The Art of the Deal

美国总统特朗普将于11月8日访华,

本周的读书会我们就要来读一读特朗普的《The Art of the Deal》。

让Connor老师带我们看一看商人出身的特朗普的经商之道。

背景介绍

First published in 1987, Trump: The Art of the Deal was written by President Donald Trump and journalist Tony Schwartz. It reached number 1 on The New York Times Bestseller list and stayed there for 13 weeks. Part autobiography and part business-advice book, it helped to make him a household name. In fact, many people voted for him in the U.S. presidential election because the books portrays him as a clever businessman and an artist, where business deals are his art form. In the past year, however, it has been discovered that many of his deals over the years have been far from successful, with several businesses going bankrupt or being accused of scams and other suspicious business practices. Many journalists have pointed out his habit for blatant lying whenever it can benefit him. His book has also been met with mixed reviews, being called an advertisement for Trump’s greatness and the idea that greed is good. 

1987年第一次出版的《The Art of the Deal》由总统唐纳德·特朗普和记者Tony Schwartz撰写。这本书冲到了《纽约时报》的畅销书榜首,并且占据了榜首长达13周。这是一本半自传半商业的书,它让特朗普成了一个家喻户晓的名字。事实上,很多人就是因为书中特朗普聪明的商人形象并且能达成商业交易而最终投票给他的。但是去年,人们发现特朗普在过去几年中完成的交易很难谈得上成功:有些公司倒闭了,有些被指控诈骗及违反商业惯例。很多记者指出只要对他有利,特朗普不惜公然撒谎。这本书也同样毁誉参半,有人说它展示了特朗普的伟大,也有人说它宣扬了贪婪的好处。

 

Despite the criticism, the book does give insight into how his career as a real estate developer in the ’70s and ’80s created his approach to business and leadership. While there is still much to learn about Trump’s management style as president of the United States, we can gain a lot of knowledge about his approach to making deals, something that can help us all get used to a world where Trump is the president of the United States.

尽管备受批评,但本书也细致写出了特朗普在七、八十年代作为一个地产商如何创立他的商业之道和领导之道。特朗普作为美国总统的管理风格仍然不清楚,但我们仍然可以了解他的商业之道,这可以帮助我们习惯他的总统之道。

 

书本导读

His biggest influence growing up was his father.

对特朗普成长影响最大的是他的父亲。

Trump’s father Fred, the son of German immigrants, was in the real estate industry in New York City. Trump joined his father’s business in 1968, at age 22, and eventually made his first steps into the world of high-end Manhattan real estate, since he wanted to be part of a luxury market. Fred helped Donald with millions of dollars of loans in the late ’70s and early ’80s. He said that his father taught him the importance of efficiency and toughness, and that he got his dramatic style of speech from his mother, a Scottish immigrant.

特朗普的父亲Fred,是德国移民的儿子。他是纽约的一个地产商。特朗普在1968年22岁的时候加入了他父亲的公司,迈出了成为曼哈顿高端地产商的第一步。因为他的志向就是成为高端奢侈市场的一份子。Fred帮助唐纳德·特朗普在七十年代后期,八十年代初期完成了百万美元的贷款。特朗普说他的父亲教会了他效率和坚强的重要性。而他那戏剧性的演讲风格则来自于他的母亲,以为苏格兰移民。

He believes you should work with family whenever possible.

他相信只要可能,你就应该和你的家人一起工作。

Trump writes, “There is nothing to compare with family if they happen to be competent, because you can trust family in a way you can never trust anyone else.” He put his first wife Ivana in charge of the Trump Castle casino rather than hiring a manager from outside, since he prioritized trust over experience. Trump’s three oldest children — Don Jr., Ivanka, and Eric — were key advisers during his presidential campaign. According to Trump, another benefit of working with family is that people can report directly to him. “In our organization, anyone with a question could bring it directly to me and get an answer immediately,” he writes. “That’s precisely why I’ve been able to act so much faster than my competitors on so many deals.”

特朗普写到“如果你的家人能够胜任,那没有什么比他们更好的人选了。因为你永远不能像信任家人一样比人。”他让他的第一任妻子Ivana负责Trump Castle赌场,而没有去雇佣一个经管人,因为他更重视信任而不是经验。特朗普三个最年长的孩子:Don Jr., Ivanka和Eric,是他总统竞选中的主要智囊。据特朗普说,另一个与家人一起工作的好处是他们可以直接向他回报。“在我们的组织中,任何人有任何问题都可以直接来找我并能马上得到回答。”他写到,“这就是为什么我能比对手的反应速度快那么多的原因。”

 

He learned how to be a force in the public arena.

他学会了如何在公共舞台上成为一个强有力的人。

In 1973, Trump schmoozed his way to a membership at the exclusive Le Club in New York, where he met Roy Cohn, a ruthless New York lawyer, who would become a mentor to Trump. Trump writes that Cohn most valued toughness and loyalty, which he admired. 

1973年特朗普在纽约的精英俱乐部Le Club和冷酷的纽约律师Roy Cohn搭上了关系。后来Roy成了特朗普的导师。特朗普写到Cohn非常重视坚强和忠诚,这让他十分羡慕。

Trump became relentless.

特朗普变得冷酷。

Trump will not back down from a fight if it’s brought to him. In The Art of the Deal, he’s aware this can be perceived as reckless, but prefers to stick to his guns: “I fight when I feel I’m getting screwed, even if it’s costly and difficult and highly risky.” He explains that he’s OK with making enemies along the way, as long as you’re fighting for what you believe in. He says, “I don’t go out of my way to be nice to enemies.”

如果有人挑起战争,特朗普绝对不会认输。在《The Art of the Deal》这本书里,他意识到这个可能会被认为他很鲁莽,但是他还是要坚持:“我被压迫了以后,一定会反击,即使会付出很大代价、风险很高。”他解释到只要是为自己坚信的东西战斗,即使是四处树敌他也无所谓。他说:“我才不会对敌人示好。”

He has a complicated history with the press.

特朗普和新闻媒体有着复杂的历史关系。

Trump’s rocky relationship with the media is nothing new. Trump developed a habit early in his career of keeping track of what the media says about him, and often writes letters to reporters and writers who criticize him. Trump claims to understand what people want to read and watch, which is why he’s fine with stretching the truth. “A little exaggeration never hurts. People want to believe that something is the biggest and the greatest and the most spectacular.” 

特朗普和媒体关系差不是今天才有的。他在早期的职业生涯中就养成了一个习惯:要追踪媒体怎么评论他,然后给那些批评他的记者写信。特朗普宣称他理解人们想要读什么、看什么,所以歪曲事实的东西他也可以接受。“一点点的夸张不会造成伤害。人们希望相信那些重大的、特别的事情。”

A note from the co-author

合作作者的话

While working on The Art of the Deal in the 1980s, co-author Schwartz spent 18 months with Trump. Over the past few years, he has been an outspoken critic of Trump. “I put lipstick on a pig,” he told The New Yorker last year, adding that he feels deep regret for portraying Trump in a more appealing way than he actually is.

八十年代《The Art of the Deal》的合作作者Schwartz花了18个月的时间和特朗普在一起。在过去几年里,他变成了一个直率的特朗普的批评者。“我是在掩耳盗铃,欺骗世人。”他去年告诉《纽约客》杂志,他非常后悔把特朗普描绘成了一个比真实的他更吸引人的形象。

Quotes from The Art of the Deal

金句摘要

“Listen to your gut, no matter how good something sounds on paper.”

要听从你的直觉,纸上写的东西无论听起来多美好,都不如你的直觉。

“I aim very high, and then I just keep pushing and pushing and pushing to get what I’m after.”

我的目标非常远大,我只是不断地推动、推动、推动,去追逐目标。

“What you should never do is pay too much, even if that means walking away from a very good site.”

永远不要付出太多,即使让你离好的位置越来越远。

“Our marketing strategy was to play hard to get. If you’re too eager to make the first deal that comes along, it’s quite obvious to people that the apartments aren’t in demand.”

我们的市场策略是不择手段地赢。如果你太渴望做成第一单生意,别人就会很明显地知道这些房产不受欢迎。

“I have a very simple rule when it comes to management: hire the best people from your competitors and pay them more than they were earning.”

我有一个简单的管理原则:去挖你竞争对手那里最好的人才,给他们更多的钱。

“I’m a businessman…from a bottom-line perspective, bad publicity is sometimes better than no publicity at all.”

我是个商人,从根本来说,坏的宣传也总比没声响好。

Task

本周作业

1.What do you think of Trump’s approach to business and leadership? What parts of his style are wise? What parts are dangerous?

你怎么看待特朗普的商业和领导方式?他的哪种风格很明智,哪些做法很危险?

2.Do you know any relentless businessmen in your country or city? What kind of business do they have and how is their approach different from Trump’s?

你知不知道你的国家或者城市里有哪些冷酷的商人?他们做哪些生意?他们的做法和特朗普有哪些不同?

3.Do you think Trump’s leadership style will help or hurt the United States and world economy? Explain.

你觉得特朗普的领导风格对美国和世界经济是有帮助还是有伤害?请解释一下。

请大家将作业发送至:homework@openlanguage.com 

Connor老师会逐一批改,并在作业反馈中点评部分作业。


前一周作业点评会在第二周周四发布

大家尽量在每周五之前提交作业哦!

《友邦惊诧论》 朗读:刘柠恺

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《友邦惊诧论》朗读:刘柠恺

《友邦惊诧论》作者:鲁迅

《友邦惊诧论》这篇文章看的我是义愤填膺!

只有发奋图强才能不被列强所凌辱。

我觉得美文之声不一定非的要所谓的“美文”。

通常意义的美文都是酸涩的、矫情的。

心里美的在我看来都是美文。

点击绿色按钮,收听《友邦惊诧论》。









(向上滑动启阅)

友邦惊诧”论


 只要略有知觉的人就都知道:这回学生的请愿,是因为日本占据了辽吉,南京政府束手无策,单会去哀求国联,而国联却正和日本是一伙。读书呀,读书呀,不错,学生是应该读书的,但一面也要大人老爷们不至于葬送土地,这才能够安心读书。报上不是说过,东北大学逃散,冯庸大学逃散,日本兵看见学生模样的就枪毙吗?放下书包来请愿,真是已经可怜之至。不道国民党政府却在十二月十八日通电各地军政当局文里,又加上他们“捣毁机关,阻断交通,殴伤中委,拦劫汽车,横击路人及公务人员,私逮刑讯,社会秩序,悉被破坏”的罪名,而且指出结果,说是“友邦人士,莫名惊诧,长此以往,国将不国”了!


  好个“友邦人士”!日本帝国主义的兵队强占了辽吉,炮轰机关,他们不惊诧;阻断铁路,追炸客车,捕禁官吏,枪毙人民,他们不惊诧。中国国民党治下的连年内战,空前水灾,卖儿救穷,砍头示众,秘密杀戮,电刑逼供,他们也不惊诧。在学生的请愿中有一点纷扰,他们就惊诧了!


  好个国民党政府的“友邦人士”!是些什么东西!









《再见吧 我不幸的乡土呦》 朗读:陈奕南 刘柠恺

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再见吧我不幸的乡土呦 合作

《再见了我不幸的乡土呦》

这是巴金先生的一篇文章。

今早,去年的学生,现在就读浙传大一的好朋友陈奕南发给我她读的这篇文章。

听后感动啊!一时技痒,也录了一篇。

今天的这个推送音频是陈奕南的《再见吧 我不幸的乡土呦》在前,我的在后。

欢迎大家一起组成学习小组,一起进步一起练专业呀!哈哈!

我说哦,大一能读成这样,真的很不容易!

时刻保持对专业的敬畏之心。

点击绿色按钮,收听《再见吧 我不幸的乡土呦》。









(向上滑动启阅)

再见吧,我不幸的乡土哟 巴金

        踏上了轮船的甲板以后,我便和中国的土地暂别了,心里自然装满了悲哀和离愁。开船的时候我站在甲板上,望着船慢慢地往后退离开了岸,一直到我看不见岸上高大的建筑物和黄浦江中的外国兵舰,我才掉过头来。我的眼里装满了热泪,我低声说了一句:“再见吧,我不幸的乡土哟!”

       再见吧,我不幸的乡土哟,这二十二年来你养育了我。我无日不在你的怀抱中,我无日不受你的扶持。我的衣食取给于你。我的苦乐也是你的赐予。我的亲人生长在这里,我的朋友也散布在这里。在幼年时代你曾使我享受种种的幸福;可是在我有了知识以后你又成了我的痛苦的源泉了。

        在这里我看见了种种人间的悲剧,在这里我认识了我们所处的时代,在这里我身受了各种的痛苦。我挣扎,我苦斗,我几次濒于灭亡,我带了遍体的鳞伤。我用了眼泪和叹息埋葬了我的一些亲人,他们是被旧礼教杀了的。

这里有美丽的山水,肥沃的田畴,同时又有黑暗的监狱和刑场。在这里坏人得志、好人受苦,正义受到摧残。在这里人们为了争取自由,不得不从事残酷的斗争。在这里人们在吃他的同类的人。——那许多的惨酷的景象,那许多的悲痛的回忆!

       哟,雄伟的黄河,神秘的扬子江哟,你们的伟大的历史在哪里去了?这样的国土!这样的人民!我的心怎么能够离开你们!

再见吧,我不幸的乡土哟!我恨你,我又不得不爱你!









转发

转发请与刘柠恺先生联系,同意后方可转发。

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读书会3: Option B

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读书会3 Option B

读书会第三周,我们要来读一本能治愈心灵的好书,

Facebook COO雪莉.桑德伯格的《Option B》。

我们的会员课程也有关于这本书的课,不要错过。

建议大家先听Connor老师的音频,再看文本↓

Option B: Facing Adversity, Building Resilience, and Finding Joy

Book summary 重点介绍

When she was 45 years old, Facebook COO and mother of two, Sheryl Sandberg, found her husband collapsed on the floor of the gym. He never woke again. Sheryl was devastated.

Facebook COO,两个孩子的母亲雪莉.桑德伯格四十五岁的某一天发现她的丈夫昏倒在健身房的地板上。他在也没能醒来,雪莉崩溃了。

Two weeks later, as she prepared for what would have been a father-child activity, she cried in front of a friend: “I want Dave!” Her friend replied: “I’m sorry Sheryl, but Option A is not available. But I promise you, I will help you make the most of Option B.

两周以后,当她在准备一场本该是“父亲-孩子”活动的时候,她在朋友面前痛哭:“我需要Dave!”她的朋友回答:“对不起雪莉,但是选项A已经不存在了。但我保证,我会帮助你找到选项B。”

Sooner or later, we all lose Option A in our lives. This book is about learning to thrive with Option B. Sandberg and Wharton’s top-rated professor, the #1 New York Times best-selling authors of Lean In and Originals, have given us a powerful, inspiring, and practical book about building resilience and moving forward after life’s inevitable adversity.

总有一天,我们的人生要面临没有Option A的情况。这本书会帮助我们学习如何和Option B和谐共生。作为《纽约时报》畅销书《Lean In》、《Originals》的作者,桑德伯格和沃顿商学院顶级教授Adam Grant一起给我们带来了这个充满力量、鼓舞人心并且实用的书。它将帮助我们从创伤中恢复,并且在逆境中前进。

Sandberg graduated from Harvard Business School in 1995. She then served as chief of staff for United States Secretary of the Treasury Lawrence Summers. Later, she joined Google as vice president of global online sales and operations from 2001 to 2008. She moved to the Facebook team in 2008 when CEO Mark Zuckerberg met her at a Christmas party. She was hired as COO and led the company to its first profits through advertising.  In 2012, Sandberg was the first woman to serve on the board of directors at Facebook.

桑德伯格1995从哈佛商学院毕业。随后她成为时任美国财政部长的劳伦斯.萨默斯的主要助手。2001年至2008年她加入谷歌成为负责全球网络销售运营的副总裁。2008年当马克.扎克伯格在一次圣诞聚会认识她以后,她旋即加入Facebook。她以COO的身份在Facebook工作,并且通过广告让Facebook实现了首次盈利。2012年,桑德伯格成为了Facebook董事局的第一位女性董事。

Passages and Quotes 精彩章句

Since this book is about building resilience, let’s looks at what Sandberg says about it.

既然本书是关于创伤恢复力的,就让我们来看看桑德伯格是如何看待创伤的。

“I thought resilience was the capacity to endure pain. But I later learned that our amount of resilience isn’t fixed, so I should be asking instead how I could become resilient. ”

我曾经以为坚韧的定义就是忍耐痛苦的能力。但后来我明白了坚韧的程度并不是固定的。我们更应该问自己我如何能变得更坚韧。

“Resilience is the strength and speed of our response to adversity—and we can build it. It isn’t about having a backbone. It’s about strengthening the muscles around our backbone. ”

恢复力是指我们对灾祸的反应力度和速度。我们能靠自己去锻炼这种能力。恢复力不是只要有一根脊骨让我们挺立不倒,而是我们要去锻炼脊骨周围的肌肉。

“Resilience comes from deep within us and from support outside us. Sometimes we have less control than we think. Other times we have more. I learned that when life pulls you under, you can kick against the bottom, break the surface, and breathe again.”

恢复力源于我们的内心或是外界的支持。有时候我们无法控制自己的思想,又或有时候我们控制太甚。我学到的是:当生活把你拉入深渊时,你应该猛踢底部,触底反弹,重新回到地面,大口呼吸。

Other great quotes:

“Option A is not available. so let’s just kick the shit out of Option B.”

当Option A不存在时,我们就该战胜Option B!

“Let me fall if I must fall. The one I become will catch me.”

如果我必须得掉下去,那就掉吧。我之前努力变成的那个我会拉住我自己。

“Happiness is the frequency of positive experiences, not the intensity.”

幸福是积极经历的频率,不是这些经历有多强烈。

“As we get older, we define happiness less in terms of excitement and more in terms of peacefulness. Peace is joy at rest, and joy is peace on its feet.”

随着年龄的增长,我们对快乐的定义也从兴奋、刺激转变为平静。平静就是安定的喜悦,喜悦就是踏实的安宁。

“One of the most important things I’ve learned is how deeply you can keep loving someone after they die. You may not be able to hold them or talk to them, and you may even date or love someone else, but you can still love them every bit as much.”

我学到的最重要的东西之一是:即使在一个人去世以后,你仍能继续爱他。你可能不能再抱他,和他说话,你甚至也会和新的人约会、爱上别人,但你仍能和过去一样爱他。

“Death ends a life, but it does not end a relationship.”

死亡会终结生命,但不会终结人和人之间的关系。

“When I wrote Lean In, some people argued that I did not spend enough time writing about the difficulties women face when they don’t have a partner. They were right. I didn’t get it. I didn’t get how hard it is to succeed at work when you are overwhelmed at home. ”

当我写《Lean In》的时候,有人指责我没有写到女性缺失伴侣时所面临的困境。他们是对的。那时我没有意识到当一个女性面临巨大的家庭困境时,要取得职场的成功有多困难。

“If you take action you can make things better.”

如果你行动起来,你可以让事情变得更好。

Homework:

  1. What has been one of the most challenging things you’ve had to deal with in your life?

    至今为止,对你来说最大的困境、挑战是什么?

  2. Do you agree with Sandberg that building resilience is key to overcoming adversity?

    你同意不同意桑德伯格说的:建立恢复力是克服逆境的钥匙?

  3. Out of all the quotes we’ve shared today, choose 3 of your favourite.

    在今天分享的精彩章句中,选出3个你最喜欢的。

请大家将作业发送至:homework@openlanguage.com 

Connor老师会逐一批改,并在作业反馈中点评部分作业。


第一周作业点评会在周二发布

大家尽量在每周五之前提交作业哦!

《背影》 作者:朱自清

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《背影》 作者:朱自清

《背影》没有华丽的语言、没有火山喷发般的激情,只是以一种平凡普通的真景与真情,抒发出了一位父亲对儿子的无限关怀和爱护。


       这是一篇朱自清先生的作品,第一次读应该是在小学的语文课本里,当时看这篇文章的时候已然是哭得稀里哗啦,梨花带雨的。。。(好像形容男性不合适这个词,但是哪位男孩儿没奶干儿过呢?

       几乎所有的人都听过这样一句话“父爱如山,母爱如水”,在我看来:水无孔不入,恰似女性的细心。而山呢?不知大家是否爬过山,我比较懒,没有爬过几座山,但是会有这样的一种感受,呼哧带喘的爬了半个小时以后,回头一望:“我的妈呀,已经爬了这么高了!”也许这就跟父爱很相像吧,像大地一般不知不觉中影响着你。

      大学本科时期,狂补电影应该是现如今大学生的一种常态。无论是最新上映的电影,还是之前那十几年的“寒窗苦读”你没有看到的,抑或是别人说比较好看的,你都得在电影院、寝室的被窝里、课堂的笔记本电脑里,利用四年的时间给它好好的看一看。我个人认为,看电影的追新程度在传媒大学来讲,比什么韩流明星出新专辑要来的更猛烈、更润物无声一些。《飓风营救》系列电影讲述的就是一个特工老爹狂拽炫酷叼炸天救自己的宝贝儿女儿的故事,从另一个角度呈现了父爱的表达方式。


      闲话说得太多了,我们回归《背影》这篇文章吧。再读《背影》应该就是在大学本科学习播音的时候了。当时傻不愣登(虽然离大学毕业也没过几年,但是也许人类的天性就是一直觉得之前的自己傻),觉得《背影》这文章情感激烈应该渲染啊,什么播音里所谓的外部技巧“停连重音、语气节奏”我能加的就都给它加上去,但是最后呈现出来的,却实一个空有一个外壳而且连外壳都不漂亮的四不像的朗诵东西。

       后来大学毕业了,有一天听到了一首高中毕业升大学的暑假的歌《说了再见》,又把《海洋天堂》这部电影补了一遍,我自我感觉对《背影》这文章理解的更深刻了。

      我个人觉得在《背影》这篇文章里有三点十分重要:

      1.要说话,说人话、说真话。

      2.确定以什么身份来说。

      3.对时空的解析。

      有可能说的有点玄乎,也许您听听上面的朗诵就能听出来了,如果没听出来那一定怪我,我功力尚浅,一定继续努力,继续学习!让我们一起进步吧!热爱声音的好朋友们。



想对亲爱的大家说:

      由于柠檬对朗诵、美文比较热爱,因此开设了这个微信公众号。想在这里时常分享一些我自己读的文章和一些我比较喜欢、比较对味儿的美文朗诵。

      特别希望各位声音发烧友也能与柠檬多多交流,希望能够听到各位兄弟姐妹对同一篇文章的不同呈现形式的精彩朗读,大家可以私发给柠檬也可以发到这个公众号里,柠檬把各位精彩的朗读发上来。

     也特别希望声音发烧友们如果有一些自己喜爱的文章,能够推荐给柠檬,让柠檬开拓眼界,让柠檬多多学习。柠檬也会在私下的时间录出来大家喜欢的文章发上来的。

     让我们这群爱声音的爱朗诵的人儿聚集在一起吧!

      春顺

至安

                                                                                            广院柠檬

                                                                                          2016.03.16

英语演讲达人的7大秘诀

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英语演讲达人的7条秘诀

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精彩、高水准的英语演讲不是native speaker的专利

诀窍在于如何构思你的演讲、以及演讲时的呈现方式。今天我们带来7大秘诀,帮你成为英语演讲达人。

You don’t need to be a native speaker to deliver a powerful English speech. 

The secret lies in the structure and delivery style. Today we’ll break down the core principles to help you be a presentation pro! 

说到演讲大神,乔布斯当之无愧。

先来看一段乔布斯07年首次介绍iPhone时的演讲片段吧!(插播的广告,大家请谅解)

Steve Jobs is undeniably the presentation God. Take a look at this video featuring him introducing the very first iPhone in 2007. 

What was the key to Jobs’s presentation success? 

乔布斯演讲最成功的是哪一点?

He didn’t just convey information in his presentations.

He told a story, painted a picture, and shared a vision. He gave his audience a transformative experience that was unique, inspiring, and unforgettable.

他演讲从来不是简单地介绍信息,而是用一种非常口语的、说故事的方式。观众一下子就沉浸其中、被他触动、被他感染。


7 secrets of Steve Jobs’s presentation technique that you can use for your presentation succes:

你也能用的乔布斯演讲7大秘诀

1. Create a story behind your presentation 

为演讲先创造一个背后的核心故事

The secret to every successful presentation is to tell a story behind it. Human beings respond to stories. Audience will always remember a presentation with a strong story.

Steve Jobs certainly mastered this technique. He always told a story in every presentations. 

When he introduced the iPhone for the first time in 2007, Steve Jobs didn’t want the product to be known only as a smart phone. Instead, Jobs called it a mobile phone that understood its user

A mobile phone that combined a communication tool, multimedia functions and internet communication. That’s the iPhone story told by Jobs.

Tell a story that appeals to your audience and solves their biggest question, painpoint or answers their curiosity.

 

2. Simple but visually powerful slides

简约、但有视觉冲击力的幻灯片

A good slide usually is not complicated. It’s simple but effective. It can help the audience capture your ideas right away.


In every presentation, Steve Jobs always used very simple slides. Sometimes the slides only contained images without any words. Sometimes there is only a word or a number on the slide. Nothing more.

Simple as the slides may look, they effectively grab the audience’s attention, drove one point home and allowed the audience to focus on Jobs’s delivery rather than being distracted by the slides. 

Jobs never read his slides line by line. He made the slides work for what he was going to say.  

最有冲击力的幻灯片一定不会有很多文字;通常只有一句话、甚至一个词、一张图。

千万别把你的实际演讲内容放到幻灯片上,一句一句读。这是所有演讲的杀手。

3. Use the “rule of three”

“3条”原则

In speech writing, there is a rule known as The Rule of Three. The principle is that people are wired to remember and understand many things in sets of three.

Jobs made extensive use of the rule of three. 

When explaining about what the iPhone is, Jobs didn’t tell simply lay out its features and functions. Instead, he summarized the iPhone as a revolutionary mobile phone that had three functions:

  • An entertaining iPod

  • A smart phone

  • A great internet communication tool

三个一组来介绍、呈现信息,很多研究表明人类更容易记住三个一组的规律。

4. Help your audience understand numbers and data

清楚解读数据背后的意义

Stats and data are often an essential part to a presentation. But many presenters make the mistake of data overload, i.e. putting too many numbes on their slides without focusing on the meaning behind them.


The key is to use numbers to support your core message and only feature the most meaningful number on your slides. Do NOT list a list of numbers, which just confuses the audience. 

How did Jobs do it in his iPhone presentation? 

He simply put the number “2 billion” on a slide and went on to explain that it meant users purchased 58 songs every second. And bring the message home, he added “It happens every minute of every hour of every day.”

千万不要放大量数据在幻灯片上,挑最重要的数字。而且一定要解释数据的意义。

5. Create a surprise moment

制造一个意想不到的瞬间

This is what Steve Jobs did in every presentation.

When introducing the Macbook Air, Jobs brought a large envelope onto the stage. As the audience was wondering what was in the envelope, he pulled out a MacBook Air. 

Imagine how powerful that action was. 


乔布斯的这个编排已经成为presentation历史上的经典。

他拿了一个大信封上台,观众以为他会拿出一叠文件。不料,他拿出了一台超薄的MacBook Air电脑。

6. Use powerfull but easy to understand words

最有效的语言是简单易懂的语言

Do not confuse difficult words with powerful words. In fact, some of the most impactful words are simple, easy to understand ones.  

That’s why when Steve Jobs first introduced the iPhone, he simply said, 

Today, Apple is going to reinvent the phone.”

很多英语学习者presentation中会特意使用高难度的词。但这是一个大误区。最有效、最能激起共鸣的词往往是最简单的词。

比如乔布斯介绍苹果产品时,常用”beautiful”。没错,就是这样简单的词,一下就能让同种领会他想传递的。

7. Emotionally connect with your audience 

跟观众建立情感纽带

This is the key to any successful presentation. If you follow the previous points to structure your speech, you should be on the right track to build an emotional connection with your audience.


But there’re other things you could do to:

  • Use a conversational style, not reading from your slides or memorizing lines; 

  • Make eye contact around the room. 

  • Speak to one person at a time, choose one member of your audience and look at him/her; switch to another after a few seconds. This will make you less nervous and help you connect with your audience. 

如果你按照上述6点来构思你的演讲,你已经无形中拉近了与听众的距离、获得了他们的注意力。

但是也可以尝试一些具体的小技巧:

比如:

  • 用自然、口语的语言来做演讲,不要读稿子、或者死记硬背

  • 目光投射到整个空间,让听众觉得你重视他们的存在

  • 选择某一个特定的观众,集中眼神接触几秒钟,好像你就在跟一个人说话。这样会让你觉得台下没有那么多人,不那么紧张。

我们两周的写作课程今天结束了。希望给大家带来了实际的帮助。

我们也会挑选大家发送给开言助手的问题,下周专门做一集节目来回答。

提高写作能力,离不开日常不断接触native speaker内容;希望大家能不断学习开言英语的付费课程,不论是针对写作、还是其它主题,你都能学到最符合英语思维、自然表达方式的语言。把这些应用起来,你的写作和总体英语能力都会稳步提升!

谢谢大家的支持!我们下次微信课见!

This brings us to the end of the OpenLanguage writing course. 

We hope you’ve benefited from the tips, suggestions and templates we’ve given you.

Please leave us your comments and questions. We’ll be collecting them and answering them next week. 

Don’t forget to also check out the OpenLanguage writing and presentation courses in the App. 



中秋节,致我最在乎的人

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Sep. 26 | 做独一无二的自己 !

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0926发音讲解

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Everyday English

今日晨读

No one is perfect. If you wanna be perfect, just be a robot. 

But if you wanna be one of a kind, well, just be you, because no one else can do it better.


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发音讲解: 01:40 ;词汇讲解: 06:50

BGM: Rachel Platten-Shivers


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好词好句

kind

adj. 独一无二的(一般表示thing)

  • e.g.

    Everyone is one of a kind.

    每个人都是独一无二的

拓展:

kind of   即 kinda(美)的用法

  • e.g.

    He’s kinda dumb, isn’t he?

    有点傻,是不是?

学以致用

请用kind造句。


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特别感谢

图文:Lemon & Sweety & 洁

 讲解:Lemon & Ariana

美编:Paradox  校对:Clouds


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