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珍藏!阅卷人权威点评四六级写作珍藏!阅卷人权威点评四六级写作

点击下载:阅卷人权威点评四六级写作

达叔有话说

名师介绍:刘   喆

博士,原新东方集团功勋教师,四六级与考研英语阅卷人。10年一线教学辅导经验,学术功底深厚。授课深入浅出、逻辑性强、极具亲和力,深受学员欢迎。

  各位同学大家好,我是刘喆老师。2017年6月四六级考试阅卷工作刚刚结束,今天我从判卷的角度给大家分享一下四六级写作的具体要求和评分标准,希望对大家今后的复习备考有所帮助。

  首先让我们看看四六级作文的评分标准:

  1. 本题满分为15分

  2. 阅卷标准共分五等:2分、5分、8分、11分及14分。各有标准样卷一至二份。

  3.
阅卷人员根据阅卷标准,对照样卷评分,若认为所阅文章与某一分数(如8分)相似,即定为该分数(即8分);若认为所阅文章稍优或稍劣于该分数则可加一分(即9分)或减一分(即7分)。但不得加或减半分。

  4. 评分标准

  2分——条理不清,思路紊乱,语言支离破碎或大部分句子均有错误,且多数为严重错误。

  5分——基本切题。表达思想不清楚,连贯性差。有较多的严重语言错误。

  8分——基本切题。有些地方表达思想不够清楚,文字勉强连贯;语言错误相当多,其中有一些是严重错误。

  11分——切题。表达思想清楚,文字连贯,但有少量语言错误。

  14分——切题。表达思想清楚,文字通顺、连贯,基本上无语言错误,仅有个别小错。

  [注:白卷,作文与题目毫不相关,或只有几个孤立的词而无法表达思想,则给0分。]


  下面让我们结合2017年6月的六级作文来看看以上五个分数档具体对应的作文水平。

  本次考试的作文题目之一:

Directions: Suppose you are asked to give advice on whether to attend a vocational college or a university, write an essay to state your opinion. You are required to write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.


  针对这一题目的5档范文如下:

14 points 

  Nowadays, a host of youngsters are faced with the choice between a
vocational college and a university after their graduation from senior high
school. From my perspective, one should take into account his or her individual
needs while making this crucial decision.

  For those who expect further exploration in academic fields, attending a
university means gaining more access to comprehensive education and knowledge in
advanced frontiers. The free atmosphere in and out of class is conductive to the
communication between professors and students, which will exert a positive
impact on their development.

  However, for those who have already had a clear picture of their
professional direction, or those who aim to acquire specialized skills in order
to gain an edge in future employment, it seems to be a wiser choice to enroll a
vocational college.

  No matter what decision you have made, it’s merely one step in your life.
No matter where you will be, what matters most is your later efforts. Just bear
in mind that you’d better stay rational at this critical moment and assume
responsibility for your own life.

  (182 words)

  一句话点评:主题鲜明,条理清晰,句式较复杂,基本无语法错误。

11 points

  When it comes to whether one should attend a vocational college or a
university, we need to tell the differences between them first. A vocational
college targets to offer vocational knowledge in some specific areas while a
university tends to provide comprehensive education. Of course every student has
free choices, but I recommend a university for the following two reasons.

  Firstly, comprehensive education is better for students’ future
development. Students can take various courses from foreign language and
economics to engineering and computer science. These courses can broaden one’s
horizon and give one an international vision.

  Secondly, students can make different friends. In a university, there are
students majoring in arts and science, so it gives them opportunities to
communicate with people in different major backgrounds. In this atmosphere,
students inline to be open, knowledgeable and enjoy a colorful life. Also, they
can work better with their colleagues when they have jobs.

  All in all, I recommend students to attend a university for further
education and lead a meaningful and colorful college life.

  (173 words)

  一句话点评:与14分档的差距主要在于语言表达不够地道和句式较简单。

8 points

  If I’m asked to choose on form vocational college and university, I’d like
to choose the latter. Here’re my reasons.

  In the first place, universities seem to be bigger and richer. They are
always supported by the policies of the government. Therefore, the environment
of the university can better improved, and the devices can be intact so it’s
more comfortable for students to live and study. In the second place, just with
the help of the economical and politic support from the government, universities
are able to keep better teachers, doctors and even professional. The quality of
teaching is not only higher, but universities hold some subjects can benefit
society and get students experience at the same time. Last but not least,
different method of teaching and different live can be experienced and various
sources can be gotten by the university students.

  In a word, university students not only live comfortable, but also have
lots of chances to experience. So it’s easier for them to prevail in the next
competition after graduation. So why not just choose university?

  (178 words)

  一句话点评:条理还算清晰,但语法错误较多。

5 points

  We just finished the university test in few weeks ago. Then how to chose
the kind of school that is a vocational college or a university is the most
important thing by every testers. I’ll give some advice about that.

  First of all, is the score. In social opinion, the high score should go to
a university, the low score should go to a vocational college. But, on my eyes,
the score is not the only stable in how to chose. The score is just from one
test. So I think, by your score, chose the one most fit you.

  On the other hand, what is really you prefer is the most important. Someone
just like driving a kind of machine, attend to a vocational college is a good
way. Someone want to learn more system knowledge to work with more famous
professer, attend to a university is a good way. No clearly line between the two
choice.

  No matter you chose to attend a vocational college or a university, if it
fit to you, it’s the best for you.

  (180 words)

  一句话点评:非常多的词汇和语法错误,语言能力的不足成为思想表达的障碍。

2 points

  If there were going to be sent a college or a university, there are some
advices that I should laborate.

  Firs and the most important, as a vocational college. That he need at all
is a good people, then the second one is a good student and do well in academy.
A college should making student be used to our world.

  Next one, as we all known. Is your power on your study. There should be no
class that you can misunderstanding it al all. Some part of your study is purty
prefect is a good thing but don’t just only do it well. On average your study
should take a line.

  The last one but not the one no use, is to be a people colors. There is
must something you are interest except study. Take some time work hardly on it.
Interesting is the best teaching. When you walk a college you are find that the
thing you are interest make you colors.

  (165 words)

  一句话点评:没有一个句子是正确的。

  四六级和考研写作的评分标准几乎一模一样(阅卷往往也是同一批人),同学们可以对照以上的范文来衡量自己目前的作文水平,并朝着14分档范文的方向去努力提高写作能力。下面我从一名阅卷人的角度(我是真的),给大家分享两点写作应试技巧(一般人我不告诉他):


  1.
注重语言。语言!语言!语言!重要的事情说三遍。哪怕你写跑题了,只要语言水平不错,也能避免得低分。就以刚刚讲到的这篇今年6月的六级作文题目为例(whether
to attend a vocational college or a university),有些同学把vocational
college(职业学院)理解成了假期学院(vocation和vacation不分),还有些同学没有看懂题目中的whether…or…的结构,将college和university理解成同一类院校,写成了“是否应该上大学”(正确的应该是:应该上职业学院还是大学)。这些跑题的作文在我实际的阅卷中占到了接近三分之一,按道理都应该归入2分档,那样的话,这次的作文全国平均分将惨不忍睹。但法不责众,阅卷组的专家经过研究决定:跑题的作文全部按照语言给分!语言特别好的(11分和14分档),在应得分数的基础上扣2分,其它分数档的不扣分。跑题最多扣2分,跑题的你是不是觉得赚了?所以说,大家在复习写作时要把重点放在提高语言表达能力上,精读并模仿经典范文的结构安排和句式,同时要避免犯小的语法错误(如单词拼写、主谓不一致等等),考场上遇到作文关键词不认识或不会翻译不要惊慌,冷静地写出一篇语言规范且能自圆其说的文章,就算真的跑题了,结果也不会太差。

  2.
字数写够,字迹工整。一名熟练的阅卷人一般要在30-40秒的时间内给出一篇作文的分数。(因为每天都有可观的工作量要完成)。在这么短的时间内,是很难逐字逐句读完一篇文章的,只能根据经验和印象来给分。一篇字迹工整的文章,只要不出现太过突兀的问题(字数不够、完全跑题、明显的语法和拼写错误)往往就能获得一定的印象分。看到这样的文章,阅卷老师心里往往会默认较高的分数档次,而不会太细扣小的错误。(因为有太多字数不够、字迹不清、大量涂改的文章的反衬)。

  希望以上两条经验对大家四六级和考研写作复习有一定的启发,祝大家在所有的考试中都能取得理想的成绩!

  2017年7月16日

小编有话说

1分钟前:

本篇文章由刘喆老师亲笔撰稿,首发于达达英语学习平台,请不要未经同意随意转载。

希望这篇文章能对大家有所帮助。

也祝大家四六级考试成绩都能如愿。

最后,请记住这位刘喆老师。

以后还会有机会遇见。

达达英语
一个有料、有趣、有陪伴的大学英语学习交流平台
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