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全国Ⅰ卷|2018年高考原创押题预测卷(含听力)

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2018年高考原创押题预测卷【全国Ⅰ卷】

英  语

(考试时间:120分钟  试卷满分:150分)

注意事项:

1. 答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。

2. 回答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。回答非选择题时,将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。

3. 考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分)

做题时,请先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。


第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例:How much is the shirt?

A. £ 19. 15. B. £ 9. 18. C. £ 9. 15.

答案是 C。

1. What time is it now?

A. 9:00.          B. 9:10.        C. 10:00.

2. How did the woman feel about her holiday?

A. Excited.    B. Pleased.    C. Disappointed.

3. What will the speakers eat for lunch?

A. Noodles.     B. Sandwiches.    C. Pizza.

4. Why is the man worried?

A. His train is delayed.           

B. He’s late for a meeting.      

C. The woman’s leaving soon.

5. What does the woman mean?

A. She agrees with the man.

B. She will correct the figures.

C. She doesn’t think there’s any mistake.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6. Where does the conversation take place?

A. At home.    B. In an office.    C. In a printing house.

7. Who will make new copies?

A. The man.     B. The woman.    C. John.

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8. Who is the woman?

A. A dancer.   B. A waitress.   C. A dry cleaner.

9. What problem does the man have?

A. He lost his wife’s dress.

B. He didn’t bring the number.

C. He forgot the dancer’s phone number.

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10. How often does the man go to the school theater club?

A. Every evening.   B. Twice a month.   C. Once a week.

11. What does the woman think of the city?

A. It’s noisy.         B. It’s colorful.       C. It’s crowded.

12. What does the man dislike most about the city?

A. The neighbors.     B. The traffic.    C. The streets.

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13. Where will the speakers probably stay in the Grand Canyon?

A. In a tent.     B. In a hotel.     C. In a village house.

14. What will the speakers do in Yellowstone?

A. Do some walking.    B. Ride a horse.    C. Go boating.

15. What does the woman think of going to some remote parts of the Yellowstone National Park?

A. Boring.    B. Exciting.    C. Frightening.

16. What is the relationship between the speakers?

A. Classmates.   B. Husband and wife.    C. Co-workers.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. How did the speaker deal with his pocket money?

A. He saved most of them.        

B. He spent half on sweets.      

C. He gave some to his brother.

18. What was Mrs. Bartlett’s attitude toward children?

A. Patient.     B. Generous.    C. Rude.

19. What did Bernard buy?

A. Sweets.    B. Balls.     C. Cards.

20. How did Bernard finally get sweets?

A. By begging the speaker.       

B. By complaining to Mum.    

C. By stealing the speaker’s.

第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

It’s a white Christmas in the United States today, with snow falling from Seattle to Maine.

● Northeast

Biting winds with snow swept the Northeast.

Earlier, up to 15 inches of snow fell during a snow storm in Maine, while up to one foot fell in New Hampshire. Winds reached 76 mph on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, while up to 61 mph winds tore through Long Island, New York. Falling snow collected on the runways at Boston’s Logan International Airport, causing temporary flight delays.

The wind was so severe in Pennsylvania and New Jersey that the annual reenactment (重演) of George Washington and his soldiers’ crossing the Delaware River was canceled, the Washington Crossing Historic Park told ABC News.

● Midwest

Heavy lake effect snow fell in western Michigan.

The National Weather Service has issued a wind-chill warning and advisory (公告) from Montana to Michigan. Bitter cold air in the Midwest produced wind chills Monday morning as low as minus-48 degrees in North Dakota and minus-47 in northern Minnesota.

As this bitter cold made its way east overnight, it was expected to move over relatively mild Great Lakes, producing intense lake-effect snow bands capable of producing 2 to 4 inches of snow in an hour.

● West Coast

That storm system moved overnight through the Rockies, bringing more snow and the threat of avalanches (雪崩). The National Weather Service has issued an avalanche warning for the Wasatch Range Mountains outside Salt Lake City.

21. Why was the annual reenactment of George Washington and his soldiers’ crossing the Delaware River canceled?

A. Because the river was frozen.    

B. Because the wind was too strong.

C. Because the snow was too thick.  

D. Because the temperature was too low.

22. Which of the following is the bad weather that has set in according to the passage?

A. The avalanches.    

B. A white Christmas.

C. A mess of people’s life.    

D. Heavy snow, biting wind and chills.

23. What is the style of the passage?

A. Weather report.      

B. News about the effect of bad weather.

C. News about bad weather.    

D. A bad-weather warning and advisory.

B

Forget losing weight or saving money—we suggest one simple task to add to your list of inspiring New Year’s decisions: read a book. Trust us, and your brain will thank you. Not only does reading increase the amount of daily pleasure in your life, but it could also delay dementia (痴呆) and even help you live longer.

But still, picking the perfect novel isn’t easy. Thankfully, Business Insider asked a Harvard professor to recommend the one book he thinks every student should read in 2018—and we suggest adding it to your list, too. (No time for all the books on your list? Here’s a shortcut: Read the endings to some of the world’s most famous books, instead.)

Steven Pinker, Professor of Psychology at Harvard, recommends The Internationalists by legal scholars Hathaway and Shapiro. The book makes a surprising claim that the Kellogg-Briand Paris Peace Pact (条约) of 1928, which declared war illegal, has caused a steady drop in war throughout history.

“But in their fascinating and evidence-rich book, they make a lifelike case,” Pinker said. “And like The Clash of Civilizations and The End of History, the book presents a sweeping vision (视野) of the international scene, making sense of many developments in the news and recent history.”

Other professors at Harvard recommended classics like Anna Karenina by Tolstoy, as well as Just Mercy by Stevenson, The Theory of Moral Sentiments by Adam Smith, and Robot-Proof by Joseph Aoun.

So, go ahead and give (at least) one of these books a read in 2018! And while you’re at it, you should add the following 20 books you really should have read by now to your list, too…

24. Why does the author say “Forget losing weight or saving money”?

A. Because losing weight or saving money is a harder task than reading.

B. Because reading much might cause you to pick up weight or spend more.

C. Because losing weight or saving money has nothing to do with reading books.

D. Because reading books is much more important than losing weight or saving money.

25. Which has the closest meaning to the underlined word “shortcut” in the 2nd paragraph?

A. A time-saving way to read books.   

B. A lazy person’s way to read books.

C. A quick way to know about endings of books.

D. A wise way to deal with too many books to read.

26. What or who has reduced the number of wars throughout history?

A. The Paris Peace Pact.      

B. The Internationalists.

C. Hathaway and Shapiro.     

D. A wide vision of the international scene.

27. What may be written in the next or last paragraph of the passage?

A. More advice on reading books.    

B. The main contents of the 20 books recommended.

C. The names of the 20 books recommended.

D. The brief introduction of the 20 books recommended.

C

As the weather costs you a loss on trains and flights, we look at your rights.

● Cancelled trains

On a single ticket, a passenger will usually receive 25% of the fare if the train is delayed by 15 minutes. If the delay reaches 30 minutes, the compensation (补偿/补偿金) rises to 50%, and if it’s over an hour you should be able to reclaim the whole cost. Clear arrangements vary according to train operator (运营商).

If you were due to travel, to say Aberdeen from London, your train is cancelled and you decide not to travel, you can get a full compensation. If you had a non-cancelable ticket with one operator, and failed to make that train because the connecting train was delayed, you can take the next available train.

● Flights

If your flight is cancelled because of the snow you have the right to a full compensation of the ticket, or to be rerouted home on a later flight.

But you will have no right to get a delay or cancellation compensation under EU rules, because the snow is an extraordinary circumstance beyond the airline’s control. If you don’t take the compensation and choose to be rerouted, and it means you are stuck at the airport overnight, it’s the airline’s duty to pay for a reasonably priced hotel room and meals.

The airline has to reroute you at the earliest opportunity, or at the passenger’s free time, you are supposed to take the availability of seats.

If you choose to be rerouted or if your departure is delayed by more than two hours, airlines also have to provide assistance such as food. The airlines keep this quiet and getting the money out of the low-cost operators can be a hard job. Keep evidence of cancellations, all receipts, and use your mobile to video any offer to pay by airline staff.

28. What does the compensation you can get rely on when your trains are delayed by bad weather?

A. The price of the ticket.    

B. The length of delay time and the operator.

C. The length of delay time.    

D. The class of the service and the price of the ticket.

29. How many choices do you have if you are to travel Aberdeen from London, and your train is cancelled?

A. One.      B. Two.     C. Three.      D. Four.

30. What is the compensation if you choose to be rerouted and if you are stuck at the airport overnight in the EU countries?

A. The availability of seats.    

B. Any seat you’d like to choose.

C. Hotel rooms and meals of any price.  

D. Acceptably priced hotel rooms and meals.

31. How can you save the trouble in getting money out of the low-cost operators?

A. By keeping the evidence and videoing any offer to pay.

B. At the earliest opportunity, or the passenger’s free time.

C. By preventing the airlines from keeping their duty quiet.

D. By arguing reasonably with the staff of the airlines offering you the flight.

D

Amanyangyun, Shanghai

This grand hotel situated outside of Shanghai is the result of an ambitious environment-protecting project that last nearly 15 years and covered 500 miles. Hidden in a relocated camphor forest (樟树林), the traditional village resort(旅游胜地) adds present-day comforts into well protected, 400-year-old Ming- and Qing-dynasty buildings.  Amanyangyun, opening in January, features rooms full of sunlight and locally sourced materials matching the quiet woodland setting. Find moments of calm and deep thought in your personal courtyard, or concentrate your mind and body with a custom-tailored healing treatment at the Aman Spa (疗养地). Taste well received Chinese dishes at LAZHU, or try your hand at a handwriting class. Love one-of-a-kind housing? Check out these absolutely unique properties.

Angsana Zhuhai Phoenix Bay, China

This seaside resort, Zhuhai in the Guangdong province is attractive by its tropical climate, beautiful coastline dotted with 140 small islands, towering palm trees, and close to Macau. Zhuhai is also the site of Angsana Zhuhai Phoenix Bay opening in January. Surrounded by the mountains and the South Chinese Sea, the resort is a scenic reservation that adds to the splendor (华丽) of the landscape. Each of the 202 soundproof rooms and suites is individually decorated, and furnished with beautiful artwork, attracting wood furnishings, and rainfall showers. These wonderful destinations also deserve to be included on your travel list.

Downtown Camper Stockholm

Conveniently located in the center of Stockholm, Downtown Camper, opening in January, is the temporary shelter for the urban explorer. The atmosphere is warm and inviting. From the moment you enter the lobby, you can feel the sense of community. The Nest, the named rooftop area, hosts daily activities ranging from yoga classes to free talks. While the comfortable restaurant and bar, Campfire, is the perfect place to meet friends, old and new. Traveling as a group? The hotel has connecting rooms with public living and dining areas that can accommodate up to 12 people.

32. What locally sourced materials is Amanyangyun Shanghai built with?

A. Cheap ones.      

B. Ones that can show its typical feature.

C. Ones that can match woodland setting.  

D. Ones that can add present-day comforts.

33. What is Aman Spa?

A. A place can accommodate us.

B. A place where we can have a taste of dishes.

C. A place where we can find wonderful moments to ourselves.D. A place where a custom-tailored healing treatment can help relieve us of daily worries.

34. What makes this seaside resort, Zhuhai attractive?

A. The tropical climate, beautiful coastline and towering palm trees.

B. The tropical climate, 140 small islands, towering palm trees, and Macau.

C. The tropical climate, beautiful coastline, towering palm trees, and Hong Kong.

D. The tropical climate, beautiful coastline, towering palm trees and Angsana Zhuhai Phoenix Bay.

35. What is Downtown Camper used as?

A. A place where new comers live.

B. A place where urban explorers live for a short time.

C. A place where people can feel the sense of community.

D. A place where urban explorers meet friends, old and new.

第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

I grew up on a farm in the small rural (乡下的) community of Catawissa, Missouri, as the sixth of seven children.    36    In the fall of 1970, he was working on a house when the ladder broke. His back was broken.

He stayed in the hospital for three weeks. When Dad returned home, he was still in a back brace (支架) and unable to work.    37   

One night we heard a car coming up.    38    Rose was at the door, holding an envelope filled with money. She told my dad she had collected money and was there to deliver it.

   39    I can still hear her saying, “Archie, whenever someone’s baler (干草打包机) is broken, you bale their hay. Someone passes away, Altha is cooking. It’s our turn.”

That evening, this 6-year-old understood what being a good neighbor was, and that because her parents were good neighbors, their kindness would be returned. I learned later my mom’s sisters all “adopted” one of us kids to help with Christmas, and we received gift baskets from more than one organization.

My parents were used to being the givers and not the receivers of such generosity (慷慨).    40   

A. He tried to protest but Rose would have none of it.

B. Besides running the farm, Dad was also a carpenter.

C. Apart from a carpenter, Dad was also running a farm.

D. We kids were always curious about who was visiting.

E. I was too young to realize our family had no money coming in as Christmas approached.

F. It was comforting to be helped when in trouble, but what was important was to help others in return.

G. They had a bit of pride to swallow, but continued all of their lives to show us kids the value of kindness.

第三部分  语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节  完形填空(共20小题;每小题1. 5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

When Mrs. Green told her pupils to draw a picture of something for which they were thankful, she thought how little these children in a(an)   41   neighborhood, had to be   42   for. Most of the   43   would draw pictures of turkeys (火鸡) or of Thanksgiving tables full of everything   44   to eat. That was what they believed was   45   them.

What made Mrs. Green   46   was David’s picture. David was so disappointed and likely to be   47   close in his shadow as they went outside for breaks. David’s drawing was   48   this:

A hand, whose hand? The class was strongly attracted by his image. “I think it must be the   49   of God   50   us food,” said one student.

“A   51  ,” said another, “because they   52   the turkeys.”

“It looks more like a policeman, and they   53   us.” “I think,” Lucy said   54  , “that it is   55   to be all the hands that help us, but David could only draw one of them.”

Mrs. Green had almost forgotten David in her   56   at finding the class so responsive (共鸣的). Having the others working on another project, she bent over his   57   and asked whose hand it was.

David whispered, “It’s yours, Teacher.”

Then Mrs. Green   58   she had taken David by the hand from time to time; she often did that with the children. But that it should have   59   so much to David …

Perhaps, she thought this was her Thanksgiving, and everybody’s Thanksgiving—not the things given to us, but the small   60   that we give something to others.

41. A. bettering   B. developing   C. interesting   D. worsening

42. A. eager     B. thankful   C. ready    D. greedy

43. A. class     B. school    C. group    D. boys

44. A. rare    B. delicious   B. expensive   D. fit

45. A. convinced of   B. informed of  

C. warned of   D. expected of

46. A. satisfied   B. touched   C. amazed   D. encouraged

47. A. found      B. shut    C. hidden    D. stuck

48. A. only    B. simply    C. clearly    D. exactly

49. A. head    B. arm    C. hand    D. foot

50. A. fetching    B. earning   C. sending   D. bringing

51. A. worker    B. carpenter   C. farmer    D. banker

52. A. raise    B. milk    C. have    D. grow

53. A. bring    B. protect    C. watch    D. guard

54. A. seriously    B. rudely    C. naughtily   D. noisily

55. A. proved    B. known    C. said    D. supposed

56. A. surprise    B. pride    C. pleasure   D. wonder

57. A. picture    B. book    C. schoolbag   D. desk

58. A. realized    B. wished   C. remembered   D. believed

59. A. sensed    B. meant    C. accounted   D. affected

60. A. ways    B. chances   C. abilities   D. hopes

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

China’s industrial output is expected to rise by around 6.5 percent this year, marking the best    61    (perform) since 2010,    62    the Made in China 2025 strategy (策略) helps to raise productivity and revenue (税收).

The increase is 0.5 percentage points    63    (high) than the targeted growth, partly    64    (drive) by strong efforts to increase the use of new technology at traditional enterprises (企业), Miao Wei said on Monday.

“The country’s industrial economy has maintained steady and sound growth thanks to the Made in China 2025 strategy. It    65    (promote) the combination of manufacturing and new technologies such as    66    internet, big data and cloud computing,” Miao added.

The ministry also predicted that the country’s industrial output would be likely    67    (grow) by around 6 percent next year, with revenue from the telecommunications, internet, and software and information technology service    68    (increase) by 50 percent, 30 percent and 13 percent, respectively.

According to Miao, the country will also publish policies    69    promoting the development of digital economy. Official data show that the country’s digital economy added up to 22.58 trillion yuan last year, ranking second    70    (global) and accounting for around 30 percent of national GDP.

第四部分  写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:

1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

          2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Dear Mr. Li,

I’m Wangtao. I’m written to tell you my opinion about employing a foreign language teacher.

They are two factors to take into consider. For a thing, the sense of humor is necessary for a teacher, which makes his class interested and lively. For another, ensure efficiency in teaching and learning, the foreigner’s ability to speak Chinese matters much, so only with the help of Chinese can they communicate with each other smoothly.

Various of activities out of class, such as English Evening and English Corner, should be organized by the foreign language teacher, which bring the students more chances to communicate with the teacher and improve their oral English.

第二节  书面表达(满分25分)

假设你是周军,前外籍教师Mr. Smith近日来信询问你的近况,请根据以下提示回复一封邮件。

(1)简述自己的学习和生活;

(2)告知你以“China In Future”为题的演讲参加了省级英语演讲比赛,并获得一等奖。

(3)感谢他在英语方面对你的帮助。

注意:

(1)词数100左右;

(2)可适当增加细节,以使内容充实、行文连贯;

(3)开头落款已给出,不计入总词数。

参考词汇:

省级英语演讲比赛 Provincial-level English Speech Contest

为题的:titled

Dear Mr. Smith,

I’m glad to hear from you. __________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Yours ever

Zhou Jun

本试题来源:学科网,转载请注明来源


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