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第6次作业参考答案 & 第7次作业任务 (更新)

Listening 4

通知】由于第11周五一放假,第10周 &11周只布置一次作业。今天有同学反映,大一的作业上学期已经写过,所以今天更换大一的作文任务,请同学们抓时间完成,祝大家节日快乐! 

第6次作业参考答案


大一作业参考答案

I. 写作参考范文            

          

      On the Practice of Setting Off Fireworks


Nowadays, the convention of setting off fireworks on the Spring Festival is confronted with the prohibition from the government, which has aroused heated discussions.

Opinions vary from person to personSome people think that fireworks should not be banned, as they decorate the dark sky at night and always bring people pleasure and happiness. What’smore, fireworks are often considered the symbol of auspiciousness and people believe they will have a bright future by setting them off during a festival. Others believe that it does more harm than good to set off fireworks because accidents frequently happen and people always get hurt. Also, setting off fireworks will definitely lead to air pollution, which is likely to affect everyone.

There is no doubt that setting off fireworkshas its merits as well as drawbacks. The key to solving this problem is to improve the quality of fireworks, which can not only make sure that it is totally safe to set off fireworks but also cause the least pollution. 

                                                                                      

II. 翻译参考译文: 

          

        The International Purchasing Power of Chinese

As more and more Chinese travel abroad, the volume of overseas consumption is surging. Chinese purchase at least twice the amount of luxury goods overseas than they do inside China. During overseas trips, people often visit specialty shops, where they purchase and bring back souvenirs typical of the country or gifts unavailable in China. Among them, cosmetics are most favored by Chinese tourists. Clothes and leather products are also high on their shopping list. To some extent, the economic growth of many countries has been boosted by the international purchasing power of Chinese.

▼大二作业参考答案


I. 写作参考范文 

As is shown vividly in the picture, a college student is drawn into a whirlpool of addiction to online games and abandons his study totally. The picture reveals a serious problem that nowadays many college students indulge themselves in playing online games and tells us how harmful playing too much online games is.

 First, online games gravely distract students’ attention from their study, which may lead to neglecting their study and then affect their future. Second, these games endanger the students’ health. Sitting in front of the computer and staring at the screen for hours on end do harm to students’ eyesight as well as their mental condition. Third, online games are likely to deteriorate students’ moral values. Since many online games are about violence, students may unconsciously accept the false principles and values in the games and believe that violence is a good way to settle disagreements.

As college students, we should be fully aware of the harmfulness of online games. And instead of wasting time on these games, we should make full use of our valuable college years to learn as much as we can. 

II. 翻译参考译文: 


Silk is a great invention peculiar to China and a symbol of ancient Chinese civilization, with a history of more than 5,000 years. As a symbol of status, silk represented elegance and nobleness and was only available to emperors originally in ancient China. It was a high-grade commodity indispensable to ancient foreign trade. In modern times, silk is popular among people because it is light, soft and comfortable. Chinese silk enjoys a high reputation worldwide for its remarkable quality, as well as exquisite designs and colors. As one of the cultures featuring Chinese element, silk culture possesses unique charm and profound cultural connotations.


第 7 次作业任务


▼ 大一 作业任务


I. Writing 

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a letter to complain to an online shop about a poor-quality digital product you have bought. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

II. Translation: translate the following passage into English.

                           中国的崛起 

  中国有五千年的文明史,有过辉煌的过去,也有过屈辱的往事。中国的崛起是多少代中国人的梦想。当然,中国的崛起需要很长的时间,恐怕要多少代人的努力奋斗。中国和平崛起就是要充分利用世界和平的大好时机,努力发展和壮大自己。同时又以自己的发展,维护世界和平。中国崛起不会妨碍任何人,也不会威胁任何人,也不会牺牲任何人。中国现在不称霸,将来即使强大了也永远不会称霸。

 

▼大二作业


I. Reading: please read the following essay and write down the new words & phrases in your notebook. 

Common Ethical Workplace Dilemmas

by Don Rafner; Reviewed by Jayne Thompson, LLB, LLM;  Updated February 06, 2019

 

Most people spend a great deal of their weekdays at their offices or job sites. It’s not surprising, then, that employees face ethical dilemmas there. Several of these dilemmas pop up on a regular basis. With some common sense and a bit of analysis, employees can resolve common workplace dilemmas without losing their jobs or bringing harm to their employer.

 

Conducting Personal Business on Company Time

Because employees tend to spend so much of their weekday hours on the job, they often are tempted to conduct personal business on company time. This can include setting up doctor’s appointments on company phone lines, making vacation reservations using their employer’s computers and Internet connections or even making phone calls for a freelance side business while on company time.

At first glance, this ethical dilemma is fairly clear: It is an abuse of your employer to conduct personal business on company time. But there are shades of gray here. What if your spouse calls to tell you that your children are ill? Is it OK for you to schedule a doctor’s appointment? A good rule of thumb is for an employee to check with his manager or human resources supervisors to clarify what counts as an actionable offense in the company.

 

Taking Credit for Others’ Work

Employees often work in teams to create marketing campaigns, develop new products or fine-tune services, yet rarely does everyone in a group contribute equally to the final product. If three members of a five-person team did all the work, do those three members demand to receive proper credit while pointing out that two members of the team did not pull their weight?

This is a thorny question. If employees single out their co-workers in a negative light, it could foment resentment. The same thing could happen, however, if all employees accept equal praise even though only a select few did the real work. The best way to resolve this ethical dilemma is to not let it happen. Team members should insist that all employees perform specific tasks to help complete a project.

 

Inappropriate and Harassing Behavior

Employees often don’t know what to do if they see one of their co-workers harassing another employee, either mentally, sexually or physically. Employees may worry for their jobs if they attempt to report a superior for harassment. They may fret that they’ll be labeled a troublemaker if they report co-workers who display inappropriate behavior toward other employees.

First, understand what constitutes harassment. According to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, an occasional comment, slight or incident – unless it’s very serious – isn’t characterized as harassment. It’s when the pervasiveness of such actions creates a work environment that would seem hostile, intimidatingor offensive to most reasonable people.

The best way to resolve this ethical dilemma rests with the staff members who develop the company’s employee handbook. It is their job to include specific language that spells out that employees won’t be punished for reporting the harassing behavior or other inappropriate actions of their co-workers, and to make sure everyone knows and understands the policy and the consequences of violating it.

 

Stealing on the Job

We all know embezzling from the company – taking money and hiding it by altering the records – is against the law. But what about taking home an occasional box of staples?

Just because the supply room is well stocked with boxes of everyone’s favorite pens doesn’t mean it’s okay for employees to help themselves to a pack for home. It may seem like a small thing, but when every employee takes something, it does add up against company profits. It is stealing, and an astute office manager will notice things going missing too fast.

Falling profits affect everyone in the company, even future raises, bonuses or layoffs. Regardless how small, taking something without paying for it is unethical.

 

Tackle the Problems Head On

Many unethical workplace behaviors can be stopped early on or before they start by employers letting the staff know what the company considers to be unethical. Someone who takes home a few pens may not think of that as stealing until it’s pointed out to them. Many people don’t realize their attempts at humor could be offensive to others, or that hopping on the internet is an abuse of company time because “everyone does it.”

It’s not enough to put it in the company handbook. Even supplying copies to everyone assumes they will read it cover to cover. At minimum, employers should send a memo marked “Important” to everyone spelling out common practices that the company considers unethical as well as the possible consequences for them.

Ask each employee to send a reply email saying they received and read the memo. Better still, schedule a mandatory mini-training session where everyone hears the news, word for word. Take attendance, and record the session for those who were absent or anyone who wants to review the information at any time.


II. Listening:  please listen to the following passage and dictate what you hear on 

your notebook.


 

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